The goal of the PSF Specific Support to Tunisia – implemented by a team of independent European R&I policy experts – is to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Tunisian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the context of the ongoing restructuring of the national R&I system. The experts will focus on the following areas: (i) Policy mechanisms to promote private participation in R&D and strengthen public-private cooperation in research, and (ii) development of a methodology for defining research priorities – combining bottom-up consultation processes with top-down defined priorities – and of a smart specialisation policy focused on the most relevant areas.
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- List itemSpecific Support to Tunisia
- List itemSeminar on Policy Support to Reforms of National Research and Innovation Systems in Europe
The European Commission held a seminar on country-specific activities under the Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility (PSF) in Brussels on 11 December 2017. The seminar provided a platform to exchange experiences between national authorities, high-level experts working with the PSF, representatives of European countries that benefitted from PSF support, and international organisations involved in reviews of national research and innovation (R&I) systems. Participants examined various methodological approaches with a view to maximising the success and impact of R&I policy support activities. Its results will feed into future European Commission activities in support of R&I policy reforms.
- List itemPeer Review of the Moldovan Research and Innovation System
This Peer Review, launched in November 2015 aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Moldovan authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) Increasing the efficiency of public R&I funding and the quality of the R&I performing bodies and instruments; (2) Improving the policies for human resources and mobility of researchers; (3) Boosting business innovativeness and science-business links; and, (4) Increasing R&I impact by properly defining the policy instruments. The final report and the recommendations were presented to the Moldovan R&I community on 12 July 2016.
- List itemSpecific Support to Slovakia
The PSF Support to Slovakia was conducted in the context of the national "Strategy to support start-ups and further develop the start-up ecosystem" and the envisaged creation of a start-up committee. Its goal was to provide recommendations on how to promote entrepreneurship and start-ups, how to improve the incubation/acceleration system and how to establish a scheme to support business angels.
- List itemSpecific Support to Malta on Monitoring the National Research and Innovation Strategy
The PSF specific support provided assistance to Malta for the development of a set of key performance indicators to be used to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the national R&I Strategy and the measures in its Action Plan.
- List itemPeer Review of the Hungarian R&I system
This Peer Review, launched in January 2016 aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Hungarian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) R&I governance and policy-making; (2) Availability of human resources for R&I; (3) Framework conditions for innovation in the business sector; and (4) Science-industry cooperation, technology transfer and entrepreneurship. The final report and the recommendations were presented to the Hungarian R&I community on 20 September 2016.
- List itemPeer Review of the Bulgarian Research and Innovation System
This Peer Review, launched in March 2015, was the first one conducted under the Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility and aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Bulgarian authorities on possible reforms of the R&I system. At the request of the Bulgarian authorities, it has set a focus on three main areas: (1) Assessment of R&I funding and performing bodies and instruments; (2) R&I Human resources capacity development ;(3) Tackling the gap between research and business. The final report and the recommendations were presented to the Bulgarian R&I community on 8 October 2015, in the presence of the European Commissioner for research and innovation, Carlos Moedas.
- List itemMLE on Measures to Stimulate Business Research and Innovation
This pilot MLE focused on identifying specific challenges for policy-makers regarding the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of four policy instruments: Research and Innovation fiscal incentives, e.g. tax credits; financial instruments (loans, guarantees, equity); outputs of business research and innovation support grants, and public-private-partnerships in the form of joint funding of research and innovation activities. During the project the methodological approach for in-depth mutual learning which would maximise the effectiveness of policy learning between Member State policy-makers was developed.
- List itemMLE on Evaluation of Complex PPP Programmes in STI
This MLE addressed the issue of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) which are strategic (often virtual) centres for promoting sector- or challenge-based research involving multiple partners and promoting public-private collaboration in STI. The project allowed for the exchange on the ways in which participating (and outside) countries have addressed the evaluation of such PPPs. Evaluation data that exists on the various types of PPPs provided vitally important piece of information for the exercise.
- List itemMLE on Ex-post Evaluation of Business R&I Grant Schemes
Research and Innovation (R&I) grants remain one of the cornerstones of governments’ efforts to promote business R&I in Europe. The purpose of this MLE was to facilitate the exchange of views and experiences between volunteering Member States on the evaluation of business R&D grant schemes, taking into account the specific contexts in which these evaluations take place.
- List itemMLE on Alignment and Interoperability of National Research Programmes
With a view to improve efficiency of public funding in research and addressing major societal challenges, Member States have identified the need to improve the alignment and interoperability of their national programmes. Building on the Lund Declaration, the ERAC Joint Programming Group (GPC) has launched an MLE to address the need to foster national coordination by looking at national preconditions for participation in JPP (Joint Programming Process) / JPI (Joint Programming Initiatives), national governance structures and communication flows and visibility.
- List itemPre-Peer Review of the Hungarian R&I system
The pre-Peer Review of Hungary’s research and innovation (R&I) system was conducted between May and September 2015 by a panel of three high-level independent experts who focused on six main topics of high importance in the current context of the Hungarian R&I system. The panel identified a set of strengths and weaknesses for each main topic and proposed four focus areas for in-depth examination in the subsequent peer-review.
- List itemMLE on Innovation-related Public Procurement
The purpose of the MLE on innovation-enhancing procurement is to set up an EU knowledge-sharing service on innovation-enhancing procurement, encouraging mutual-learning, identifying good practices and providing advice in the field. The MLE aims to support Member States in designing, implementing and/or evaluating different policy instruments in relation to innovation-enhancing procurement.
The participating countries will get together to explore the best ways to tackle the identified policy challenges: (1) developing a strategic framework for innovation procurement, (2) capacity building, (3) financial resources/incentives, and (4) measurement, evaluation and monitoring, acknowledging a need for change in the design and/or implementation of policy instruments and wishing to learn from experiences in other countries.
- List itemMLE on Administration and Monitoring of R&D Tax Incentives
Differences exist across EU Member States with regard to the administration and control of the R&D tax incentives systems, notably in relation to the use of R&D definitions (stemming from e.g. Frascati manual or EU block exemption regulation), the interpretation/implementation of those definitions, the eligibility of costs, etc. This MLE was an opportunity to investigate those various topics which so far had not been discussed at this level of details in any other forum and to learn from each other on possible approaches to tackle those issues.
- List itemPeer Review of the Ukrainian Research and Innovation System
This Peer Review, launched in May 2016 aims to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Ukrainian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) Optimisation of available policy instruments to support the national research system; (2) Internationalisation of research and integration of Ukraine into the European Research Area; and (3) the Role of science in Ukrainian innovations development. The final report and recommendations was presented to the Ukrainian R&I community in December 2016.
- List itemMLE on Performance-based Funding of Public Research Organisations
Performance-based Research Funding Systems (PRFS) are one of the mechanisms through which countries try to increase the performance of their public sector research systems. The nature of these systems – based on peer reviews, metrics or a combination of both – varies considerably among countries. The MLE will provide a learning opportunity for countries willing to better understand the advantages and drawbacks of various options, improve ongoing PRFS and deepen the assessments of the impact of different systems.
- List itemSpecific Support to Romania
The PSF support to Romania was aimed at assessing the country's entrepreneurship ecosystem and providing a set of concrete recommendations on how to implement reforms to stimulate innovative entrepreneurship and create an environment conducive for the growth of technological start-ups.
- List itemPeer Review of Polish Higher Education and Science System
The overall objective of the Peer Review of the Polish Higher Education and Science System was to provide recommendations on the future development of Poland's science and higher education policy in support of innovation. The specific focus areas of the Peer Review were the following: (1) Structural changes in the science and higher education; (2) Links between the higher education sector and the other actors of the innovation system; and (3) Internationalisation of the science and higher education sector - trends, key areas for improvement.
- List itemSpecific Support to Slovenia
The main objectives of the PSF Specific Support to Slovenia are to identify and recommend measures to further develop (1) The internationalisation of the Slovenian science base (through both cross-border researchers' mobility and cooperation), and (2) The cooperation between the science base and businesses. The final report will include an assessment of the current situation, an identification of the policy levers to be used and concrete recommendations to tackle the key barriers in relation to both focus areas.
- List itemSpecific Support to Bulgaria
The aim of this PSF activity is to support the Bulgarian authorities in the development of (1) a research performance-based funding system, inspired by Member States best practices, and (2) a model for the evaluation and assessment of the public research institutions' performances. This activity aims to further implement the recommendations of the 2015 PSF Peer Review of the Bulgarian R&I system, in particular recommendation n°5 concerning the allocation system for institutional funding.