MLE on Performance-based Research Funding Systems: Thematic Report No 4 - Third-stream metrics in Performance-based Research Funding Systems
The focus of this paper is on the use of or demand for third stream metrics in the context of PRFS. The intention is to support discussion and mutual learning on different aspects, issues and questions related with third stream metrics and their use in evaluation systems. Currently, only a few countries in the world have experience with third stream metrics as a routine element in their evaluation systems. Nevertheless, the increasing importance that policy makers attribute to the relevance of research for societal problems has led to a rising interest and demand for knowledge and practical guidelines for the design of such metrics.