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Statistical documentation

2014
EC-JRC - European Commission Joint Research Centre

This report presents the methodology followed to compute the 2014 edition of the Innovation Output Indicator (IOI). The IOI was developed by the European Commission at the request of the European Council in order to benchmark national innovation policies and to monitor the EU’s performance against its main trading partners. The IOI was first presented as a Communication and Staff Working Document1 in 2013, followed by an update in 2014 as part of the 2014 Commission Report on Innovation Union progress at country level (country profiles).

2013
EC-JRC - European Commission Joint Research Centre

This report proposes a novel way to conceptualise and measure research excellence at the country level using a composite indicator approach. So far, few studies measure scientific and technological research excellence at the country level whilst taking into account the multidimensional nature of research excellence. Following the OECD Oslo Manual, we define research as creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

2008
EUROSTAT - Statistical Office of the European Union

The present NACE Rev. 2, which is the new revised version of the NACE Rev. 1 and of its minor update NACE Rev. 1.1, is the outcome of a major  revision work of the international integrated system of economic classifications which took place between 2000 and 2007. NACE Rev. 2 reflects the technological developments and structural changes of the economy, enabling the modernisation of the Community statistics and contributing, through more comparable and relevant data, to better economic governance at both Community and national level. Development of NACE Rev.

2008
EUROSTAT - Statistical Office of the European Union

This document is the final description of the work with revising the Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programmes and Budgets (NABS) of 1992 version into the 2007 version and provides a comparison between the two versions. It further contains, as annexes, the final version of the NABS 2007 chapter and sub-chapter headings, the final version of NABS 2007 including the detailed annotations as well as a detailed bridge table between NABS 2007 and NABS 1992. The classification is linked to the Frascati Manual (OECD 2002).

2005
OECD - The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

It has been long understood that the generation, exploitation and diffusion of knowledge are fundamental to economic growth, development and the well being of nations. Central to this is the need for better measures of innovation. Over time the nature and landscape of innovation have changed, and so has the need for indicators to capture those changes and provide policy makers with appropriate tools of analysis. A considerable body of work was undertaken during the 1980s and 1990s to develop models and analytical frameworks for the study of innovation.

2002
OECD - The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

In June 1963, the OECD met with national experts on research and development (R&D) statistics at the Villa Falcioneri in Frascati, Italy. The result was the first official version of the Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Development, better known as the Frascati Manual. This publication is the sixth edition. Since the fifth edition was issued in 1994, attention has increasingly been paid to R&D and innovation as key elements in the knowledge-based economy. Reliable and comparable statistics and indicators to monitor this area are of crucial importance.

1995
OECD - The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

This Manual is intended to provide guidelines for the measurement of Human Resources devoted to Science and Technology (HRST) and the analysis of  such data. It has been prepared in close co-operation between the OECD and the DGXII and Eurostat of the European Commission, other OECD  directorates (notably DEELSA), UNESCO and the International Labour Office (ILO) and with the support of national experts.

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