A Peer Review can take the shape of a general assessment of the country’s strengths and weaknesses in R&I, but it can also focus on a number of specific elements of the R&I systems (e.g. reform of universities, knowledge-transfer system, etc.), as agreed with the country under review. It can be preceded by a ‘pre peer review’ (as a preparatory step to identify focus areas) and followed by a ‘post peer review’ (as a follow-up step to provide concrete advice on how to adjust and strengthen the implementation of the peer review recommendations).
The overall objective of the Peer Review of the Polish Higher Education and Science System is to provide recommendations on the future development of Poland's science and higher education policy in support of innovation. The specific focus areas of the Peer Review are the following: (1) Structural changes in the science and higher education; (2) Links between the higher education sector and the other actors of the innovation system; and (3) Internationalisation of the science and higher education sector - trends, key areas for improvement.
This Peer Review, launched in May 2016 aims to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Ukrainian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) Optimisation of available policy instruments to support the national research system; (2) Internationalisation of research and integration of Ukraine into the European Research Area; and (3) the Role of science in Ukrainian innovations development. The final report and recommendations was presented to the Ukrainian R&I community in December 2016.
This Peer Review, launched in January 2016 aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Hungarian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) R&I governance and policy-making; (2) Availability of human resources for R&I; (3) Framework conditions for innovation in the business sector; and (4) Science-industry cooperation, technology transfer and entrepreneurship. The final report and the recommendations were presented to the Hungarian R&I community on 20 September 2016.
The pre-Peer Review of Hungary’s research and innovation (R&I) system was conducted between May and September 2015 by a panel of three high-level independent experts who focused on six main topics of high importance in the current context of the Hungarian R&I system. The panel identified a set of strengths and weaknesses for each main topic and proposed four focus areas for in-depth examination in the subsequent peer-review.
This Peer Review, launched in November 2015 aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Moldovan authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) Increasing the efficiency of public R&I funding and the quality of the R&I performing bodies and instruments; (2) Improving the policies for human resources and mobility of researchers; (3) Boosting business innovativeness and science-business links; and, (4) Increasing R&I impact by properly defining the policy instruments.
This Peer Review, launched in March 2015, was the first one conducted under the Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility and aimed to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Bulgarian authorities on possible reforms of the R&I system. At the request of the Bulgarian authorities, it has set a focus on three main areas: (1) Assessment of R&I funding and performing bodies and instruments; (2) R&I Human resources capacity development ;(3) Tackling the gap between research and business.