The overall objective of the Peer Review of the Polish Higher Education and Science System is to provide recommendations on the future development of Poland's science and higher education policy in support of innovation. The specific focus areas of the Peer Review are the following: (1) Structural changes in the science and higher education; (2) Links between the higher education sector and the other actors of the innovation system; and (3) Internationalisation of the science and higher education sector - trends, key areas for improvement.
This report outlines the rationale behind the policy messages proposed by the Policy Support Facility’ (PSF) panel to redress Poland’s Higher Education and Science system’s structural weaknesses and build on its existing and potential strengths. To develop these messages and numerous operational recommendations, the review team has taken advantage of its expertise on higher education and R&I policy formulation, implementation and evaluation and good practice applied in the Member States and OECD countries. The Peer Review of Poland's Higher Education and Science system was carried out between January and September 2017 by a dedicated PSF Panel, consisting of eight independent experts and national peers. It is the country’s responsibility to ensure the follow-up to the peer review as well as the potential implementation of its recommendations through concrete reforms.
This report summarises evidence on the situation in the field of science and higher education in Poland and provides the background for the PSF Peer Review of Poland's research and innovation system, conducted by a panel of independent experts and national peers. The report includes: a snapshot of Poland’s economy and a more detailed statistical picture of its R&D, higher education and innovation activities; a presentation of the system of governance in research and higher education; introductions to Poland’s higher-education and research-performing organisations, as well as the country’s R&I funding mechanisms; and an overview of research commercialisation activities and international cooperation.
The Polish authorities presented and discussed with the PSF panel of experts the strengths and weaknesses of the Polish R&I system and the rationale behind the PSF Peer Review which will form an important background for the forthcoming reforms of Higher Education and Science. The reforms will be based on three pillars proposed in the new Strategy for Higher Education and Science: Constitution for Science, Innovations for the economy, and Science for You . The operational recommendations tackling such issues as models of higher education institutions and their evaluation, career development of researchers, links between the higher education sector and the other actors of the innovation system as well as the internationalisation of the science and higher education sectors, will be released by the PSF panel in September 2017.
The PSF experts panel visited Warsaw on 7-10 March 2017 to meet numerous Polish authorities, as well as the wide range of institutions and relevant stakeholders to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Polish Higher Education and Science system. Adding substantially to the panel's previous assessment based on analytical work.
The PSF panel presented the preliminary findings of the Peer Review to the Polish stakeholders during a second field visit in Warsaw on 6-8 June 2017. On the basis of the various documents received and analysed, as well as in-depth discussions with various experts and the comments received at the meetings during the two field visit, the PSF panel will prepare the Peer Review report by September 2017.
After almost nine months of analytical work, and fact-finding visits to Poland, the PSF Peer Review panel’s report and recommendations on the modernisation of the national science and higher education system - to make it more transparent, more competitive and better governed - were discussed at a special meeting hosted by the Polish Ministry for Science and Higher Education. The meeting was addressed by Jarosław Gowin, Polish Minister of Science and Higher Education, and Robert-Jan Smits, Director-General of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. The findings of the report, and its recommendations, were presented by the Chair of the PSF Peer Review Panel, Professor Georg Winckler, President of the Association of the ERSTE Foundation and former Rector of the University of Vienna, as well as the Peer Review panel’s rapporteur, Jaana Puukka, an expert on higher education and innovation policy.