Research integrity is a foundation of excellent science and the cornerstone of societal trust in researchers and research institutions. Advancing research integrity across Europe is of the utmost importance to ensure the high quality of science, including reproducibility of research results, and to ensure a fruitful relationship between science and society.
The MLE focused on the exchange of national practices regarding four priority areas for advancing in the research integrity field, namely, promoting positive incentives, spreading research integrity culture among stakeholders through communications and dialogue, enhancing training in all stages of the research careers and stimulating processes and structures that support research integrity. These four priority areas were analysed from three different perspectives: institutional, national and cross-border levels.
Research integrity is essential both for excellent science and for society to have trust in researchers and research institutions. Experts and stakeholders from all over Europe took part in a Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility (PSF) Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) on Research Integrity (RI) in order to share experiences and identify good practices to promote and ensure integrity in scientific research.
The Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility (PSF) was set up by the Directorate- General for Research & Innovation (DG RTD) of the European Commission under the EU Framework Programme for Research & Innovation ‘Horizon 2020’.It supports Member States and countries associated with Horizon 2020 in reforming their national science, technology and innovation systems. The Mutual Learning Exercise on Research Integrity, which forms the basis of this report, was carried out between July 2018 and June 2019 by a dedicated PSF panel consisting of four independent experts and twelve countries
This report provides lessons learned from the Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) devoted to research integrity. The focus of this report is on training and education in research integrity.
The report provides lessons learned from the Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) devoted to research integrity. The focus of this report is on the dialogue and communication about research integrity.
This thematic report provides the lessons learned from the Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) devoted to research integrity. The focus of this report is on setting incentives to promote and foster research integrity.
This Report focuses on the first priority topic – Processes and structures to promote RI and deal with allegations of research misconduct. The Paper is based on the review of existing relevant literature and documentation, information about RI framework in 14 countries for research integrity (RI) presented at the Kick-off Meeting and consultations with the representatives of the participating countries. The final input for the Report was provided from the discussions during the first Working Meeting in Oslo on 30 January 2019.
An overview of the Mutual Learning Exercise on Research Integrity.
The Modus Operandi defines the scope, the objectives, envisaged outcomes and the preliminary time schedule of the MLE. It also describes the working approach and methodology the group will follow as well as the distribution of work of all participants.
Expert panel of the MLE on Research Integrity.
The launch of the PSF Mutual Learning Exercise on Research integrity brought representatives of 14 countries together with external experts in the field to exchange good practices to promote research integrity in Europe. Participants presented what is the current status in their countries – including existing practices, challenges and expectations of the four topics that the MLE will address: incentives, dialogue & communication, training processes & structures. After discussing the topics, participants agreed together on the scope of the MLE as well as on the timeline.
During the MLE’s first country visit, the participants focused on exchanging national practices on the first of its four priority areas: stimulating processes and structures that support research integrity. The visit included meetings with Norwegian research and innovation stakeholders to understand institutional, national and cross-border perspectives.
The focus for the MLE’s second country visit was two of its four priority areas: promoting positive incentives and spreading research integrity culture among stakeholders through communication and dialogue. The MLE participants met Greek national representatives and discussed how incentives and dialogue among relevant stakeholders contribute to make research integrity stronger in Europe.
The MLE’s third country visit focused on the last of its four priority areas: enhancing training on research integrity in all stages of researchers’ careers. MLE participants from 14 countries visited Paris, France, to meet French research authorities and stakeholders in order to exchange good practices and lessons learned on this essential topic – a foundation for excellent science and societal trust.
The final meeting of the MLE RI took place in Vilnius, where Lithuanian stakeholders presented the state of Research Integrity in Lithuania. Participants discussed the final report of the Mutual Learning Exercise on Research Integrity, and the main examples of good practice and lessons learned during the activity.
The dissemination event of the Mutual Learning Exercise on Research Integrity presented its results at a satellite event during the final conference of the project ENERI “European Network of Research Ethics and Research Integrity”, funded by Horizon 2020. The objective of the project was to develope recommendations on how to harmonise daily practice for research ethics committees and research integrity offices. The conference brought together leading ethics and research integrity experts, researchers, policy makers, research funding organisations, civil society and other stakeholders. During the MLE’s satellite event, the final report was presented and participants discussed the main policy recommendations on how to promote research integrity at a national level, as well as examples of good practice and lessons learned during the activity.