Reflecting the priority subjects mentioned by the Member States at the call for interest of July 2016, this first MLE on Open Science will address the national policies and practices relating to the following two issues: (1) Altmetrics, understood as alternative (i.e. non-traditional) metrics that cover not just citation of articles but also various forms of social media shares, web-downloads or any other measure of the qualities and impact of research outcomes; and (2) Incentives and rewards for researchers to engage in Open Science activities.
The limitations of current mainstream research metrics — and the need to develop and promote alternatives, in order to better measure the impact of research, allocate funding and reward researchers — were discussed at the kick-off meeting for the MLE on Open Science. It was emphasised that metrics and incentives need to take into account impacts on society, not just the progress of science, and should encourage researchers to promote and use Open Science resources and approaches. The kick-off meeting also discussed the “Modus Operandi” of the project, which will lead to an agreement on the workplan, scope and expected outcomes.
What are the benefits and challenges of the different types of altmetrics used in the EU today? The meeting discussed these as well as existing practices, and instruments used, in the countries participating in the MLE on Open Science. In addition, discussions covered what types of impacts are important for different stakeholders in the participating countries and whether altmetrics could contribute to their measurement.
The participants discussed ‘how to engage with altmetrics in the context of Open Science’, followed by a brief presentation of the main findings of the report recently released by the EC's Expert Group on ‘next-generation metrics’. In addition, participating countries had the opportunity to learn from the experiences of Finnish actors in the field, including the Finnish Ministry of Education's commitment and approach to Open Science and some success stories linked to the Open Science initiative. Finally, Finnish universities shared their experience in using altmetrics.