- Spain’s real GDP continued increasing in 2015 (3.2%), with positive forecast for 2016 (3.2%) and 2017 (2.3%).
- In 2015, budget deficit as a percentage of GDP decreased to 5.1 % (5.9% in 2014). Government debt slightly decreased, but itremains very high (99.8% of GDP; 100.4% in 2014).
- The unemployment rate has considerably improved over the last year (by 9.8 %). It is however still among the highest in the EU-28 (22.1%)
- Gross Expenditure on Research and Development has declined in 2015 to 1.22% GDP(1.23% in 2014), reaching a figure below 2007 levels.
- BERD has been declining since 2009 and although it increased in 2015 it is below 2006 levels. GOVERD follows a similar trend. The GERD target of 25 in 2020 is unlikely to be reached.
- An acting government was in place between December 2015 and November 2016. This affected the implementation of the reform agenda for R&I