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RIO Country Report Poland 2016

The annual RIO Country Report offers an analysis of the R&I system in Poland, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies. The report identifies the main challenges of the Polish research and innovation system and assesses the policy response.




  • Real GDP continued increasing in 2015, with positive forecast for 2016-2017. The public investments remained subdued in 2016 given the cycle of the ESIF financing and lower investment activity by state-owned and state influenced enterprises. 
  • The Polish R&I system is centralised as regards funding allocation and governance. 
  • BERD continues to increase but still has relatively modest intensity. 
  • The public R&D outlays were not subject to fiscal consolidation processes. 
  • Still, the GERD target of 1.7% of GDP spent on R&D in 2020 requires an increase of both BERD and GOVERD annual growth of national budget expenditure on R&D (according to DG REGIO analysis, a steady 8-10% annual growth is required).


Main R&I policy challenges

  • Increase the intensity of private R&I. The Polish BERD increases on a yearly basis but is still at less than half of the EU-28 average. The recent legislative measures are intended to support the positive trend as well as adjust the accounting for existing R&D efforts. The increased involvement of state-owned companies in R&D activities is a significant change to the R&I policy. 
  • Strengthen the science and industry cooperation. The Polish government recognises the importance of the challenge and has set up since 2010 a number of targeted policy measures. Yet, despite the efforts, the output indicators are still not satisfactory. 
  • Increase the quality of the public research base. The Polish science base suffers from low internationalisation and from the focus on the quantity not quality of outputs due to the incentive structure of the current performance-based funding system. The 2016 legislative efforts and Horizon2020 supported funding schemes are to be further monitored, as they are too recent to generate tangible results.
  • Priority setting in the R&I governance system. Until 2012, Poland had no explicit R&I priorities but currently it has an R&I system with many strategic lists of thematic priorities. The Strategy for Responsible Development is expected to define focus of government R&I policy. 
Geo coverage
Report year
Official publication date
Friday, 12 May, 2017
Last update: 22/10/2019 | Top | Legal notice | Contact | Search