- Real GDP continued increasing in 2015, with positive forecast for 2016-2017. The public investments remained subdued in 2016 given the cycle of the ESIF financing and lower investment activity by state-owned and state influenced enterprises.
- The Polish R&I system is centralised as regards funding allocation and governance.
- BERD continues to increase but still has relatively modest intensity.
- The public R&D outlays were not subject to fiscal consolidation processes.
- Still, the GERD target of 1.7% of GDP spent on R&D in 2020 requires an increase of both BERD and GOVERD annual growth of national budget expenditure on R&D (according to DG REGIO analysis, a steady 8-10% annual growth is required).