The annual RIO Country Report offers an analysis of the R&I system in France, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies. The report identifies the main challenges of the French research and innovation system and assesses the policy response.
- The French economy slowly recovers from the 2008 crisis with a +1.3% growth rate in 2015, led by household consumption as well as, to a lesser degree, by a pick-up in investment
- The French trade deficit is persistent. Few high-tech industries such as the aircraft or the aerospace industry were able to perform on international markets along with the cosmetic, agro-food and luxury industries. The French productivity is one of the highest in Europe.
- In terms of R&D expenditures, France’s GERD has kept on growing in nominal terms since 2006. Within the EU28, France ranks second after Germany.
- The GERD to GDP ratio was 2.24% in 2014. France ranks 8th, above the EU28 average (at 2.03% in 2014), with a general increase of R&D intensity since 2007.
- While France has introduced a high number of policy reforms aimed to improve research performance over the last ten years, national levels remains at average stage both in quality and in quantity.
- According to the European Innovation Scoreboard 2016, France is within the group of “strong innovators” in terms of innovation performance.