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RIO Country Report Czech Republic 2016

The annual RIO Country Report offers an analysis of the R&I system in the Czech Republic, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies. The report identifies the main challenges of the Czech research and innovation system and assesses the policy response.




  • Despite a slow down in real GDP growth, the forecast for 2016 and 2017 are positive. Labour productivity continues also to show a positive trend.
  • —The R&I system is centralised as regards funding allocation and governance. The main role of regional authorities remains to catalyse Structural Funds.
  • —GERD is maintained above 1.9% of GDP approaching the EU28 average.
  • —Public R&D expenditure per GDP meets its 2020 target since 2012. However, about 29% is due to public R&D investment from abroad, especially the European Structural and Investment Fund (ESIF).
  • —BERD shows a positive trend and a high level of openness with foreign affiliates contributing for more than half of the total amount.


Main R&I policy challenges

  • Reforming governance of the public research sector, the revision of evaluation methodologies and achieving an efficient allocation of public research funding are top challenges. There is a proposal to establish a Ministry for Research and Development which should concentrate part of the existing competences of the R&I governance.
  • —Opening labour market for researchers by improving the higher education reform. Mobility and internationalization in the public sector remain low. Awareness of gender issues in research is increasing but policy response is missing. Limited availability of qualified human resources is a problem for the business sector and for the new large research centres and infrastructure projects, financed mainly from the ESFI.
  • —New measures have been introduced to strengthen public-private linkages and promote the commercialization of research results. Tax R&D credits have been extended to the purchase of external R&D services. Knowledge transfer infrastructure has been upgraded. However, IPRs protection and licensing remain underused and linkages between public and private R&D sectors remain weak.
  • —Deepening innovation capabilities and demand for innovations: Foreign affiliates are poorly integrated in the national innovation system, access to venture capital is limited and path-breaking innovation is rare. Nevertheless, the policy focus has shifted towards supporting innovation. The policy mix is dominated by R&D subsidy programmes and the 2014-2020 programming period is foreseen to address the limited incentives to venture capital. R&I support measures seldom target small and young innovative firms and neglect the potential of using demand side instruments.


Main R&I policy developments in 2016


Geo coverage
Report year
Official publication date
Friday, 12 May, 2017
Last update: 18/10/2019 | Top | Legal notice | Contact | Search