The country profiles aim to provide an operational tool for stakeholders and policy-makers to support the framing of research and innovation (R&I) policies and to facilitate the monitoring of performance, on the basis of a holistic economic and indicator‑based analysis.
Improving the effectiveness of national research system and fostering innovation in enterprises
Hungary commits to increasing its research and development expenditure to 1.8% of the GDP by 2020 and to 3% by 2030. Over the last decade, the Hungarian R&I system has made obvious progress in the level of private-sector investment and in overall R&D intensity (reaching 1.38% in 2014), as well as in scientific quality, patent revenues and structural change towards a more knowledge-intensive economy. However, public sector R&D intensity and the internationalisation of science remain less dynamic than the EU average.
Hungary is still facing key challenges in R&I. These include: weaknesses in the knowledge base; a low level of innovation activity together with a low level of cooperation among the key actors; unfavourable framework conditions for innovation, a high administrative burden and insufficient human resources for research. The new Innovation Strategy 2013-2020 focuses on three main areas of intervention: knowledge creation, knowledge transfer, and knowledge utilisation.