Every government department has a chief scientific adviser (CSA). Departmental CSAs work together under the leadership of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser to support each other and to address and advise on cross-cutting issues. They do this primarily through the Chief Scientific Advisers network. The network advises the Government Chief Scientific Adviser on all aspects of policy on science and technology.
CST is the UK Government's top-level advisory body on science and technology policy issues. CST advises the Prime Minister, the First Ministers of Scotland and Wales and the responsible Minister at the Northern Ireland Office on strategic issues that cut across the responsibilities of individual government departments. The Council's main activity is to interface at a higher level between the Government's Departments and the Government in matters of Science and Technology.
The department brings together responsibilities for business, industrial strategy, science, innovation, energy, and climate change. BEIS is a ministerial department, supported by 46 agencies and public bodies. It has overall responsibility for science, research and innovation.
DEFRA is responsible for developing an environmental policy through open dialogue with stakeholders, engaging internationally with other institutions involved in similar activities, advising Ministers on matters of environment, food and the countryside, setting national policies and standards. It is a research funder and research policy advisory body.
The Department's role is to help improve the health and well-being of the population of England. The Department provides strategic leadership to the NHS and social care organisations in England. It funds the healthcare research through various schemes. It also conducts research.
Go Science ensures that government policies and decisions are informed by the best scientific evidence and strategic long-term thinking. The role of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser is to advise the Prime Minister and Cabinet. It is located in the offices of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS). Responsibilities include ensuring and improving the quality and use of scientific evidence and advice in government; and helping the independent Council for Science and Technology provide high level advice to the Prime Minister, etc.
HEFCE aims to create and sustain the conditions for a world-leading system of higher education which transforms lives, strengthens the economy, and enriches society. HEFCE continues to develop a selective funding system that allocates grants primarily by reference to assessments of research excellence and also works to maintain and develop the research infrastructure, enable researchers to respond to new trends and developments in their disciplines and in the research environment, and to pursue new fields of enquiry.
Innovate UK is the new name for the Technology Strategy Board. It funds, supports and connects innovative businesses to accelerate sustainable economic growth.
Local enterprise partnerships are partnerships between local authorities and businesses. They decide what the priorities should be for investment in roads, buildings and facilities in the area. Local enterprise partnerships were given the chance to apply to have an enterprise zone and 24 were awarded. These zones can take advantage of tax incentives and simplified local planning regulations. So far 39 local enterprise partnerships have been created.
MOD is both a policy-making Department of State as well as being the highest level military headquarters in the UK, providing political control of all military operations. It controls resources for the Armed Forces. Within and across MOD, military and civilian personnel work closely together. It is responsible for defence research, which enhances existing technologies, identifies and develops emerging technologies, and supports their cost effective implementation whilst minimising risk.