Title: Challenges for R&I policy-making in Slovenia
1. Ensuring the sustainability of R&D&I funding. The Research and Innovation Strategy of Slovenia planned a constant increase in the resources for R&D, in order to achieve the Europe 2020 target of 3% of R&D intensity. However, in 2016, GERD was at 2.0%, a decline from 2.58% achieved in 2013. Only a very slow increase of GBAORD is planned in the budget for 2017-2018.
2. Development of a well co-ordinated and transparent R&I governance. Slovenia lacks an effective governance structure for R&I due to weak coordination across responsible departments and collaborative links between major stakeholders in innovation policy. Yet, no change has been observed in this area except for the new coordination body for the implementation of RIS3.
3. Human resources in S&T. Slovenia has managed to increase the enrolment of youth in tertiary education significantly. With special measures to promote doctoral studies, the number of students engaged in them has increased too. With the diminishing public resources for R&D, Slovenia experienced a situation of a much larger outflow of PhDs than the research sector was able to absorb. This led to increased unemployment among the high-skilled, with some leaving to find jobs abroad and others accepting work below their qualifications level.