The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.
The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
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In spite of rising public R&D expenditure, business R&D investment remained unchanged at relatively low levels in recent years. Slovakia’s science base still ranks at the low end compared with other EU Member States. While Slovakia saw an improvement in its overall innovation performance between 2012 and 2014 according to the innovation index of the European Innovation Scoreboard, it still underperforms by EU standards and is classed as a moderate innovator (European Commission, 2016d).
Upgrading Slovakia’s Research and Innovation (R&I) performance requires improvements in the governing policy framework. The slow progress made towards a more efficient and attractive R&I system risks hampering Slovakia’s transition from a cost-based to a more innovation-driven growth model.
Progress on implementing R&I reforms is slow. The continued delays in the adoption of key strategic documents hamper the effective and timely implementation of the reforms envisaged and slow down investment from the Structural Funds.
Further general plans in support of R&D are being developed. The Slovak government adopted a decision in 2016 on the launch of three new programmes to be implemented by the Slovak Research and Development Agency in 2016-2019 with a budget of EUR 92 million. The programmes are linked to the national smart specialisation strategy and the Horizon 2020 European funding programme. They aim in particular to provide support to business R&D, including through cooperation with public research organisations, and to support projects which received high scores in the Horizon 2020 evaluation but were not allocated funding.
|2018||Specific Support for Slovakia - Boosting the Slovak start-up ecosystem: Progress assessment|
|2017||Specific Support to Slovakia - Boosting the Slovak startup ecosystem||Download the full report|