The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.
The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
Have a look and see how the country is performing.
Structural shortcomings in the R&I system are holding back its growth contribution. The lack of dynamism in R&I has implications for long-term competitiveness and growth prospects. Romania remains a 'modest innovator' in the European Innovation Scoreboard. Structural challenges to R&I remain unchanged: insufficient funding, institutional fragmentation, low quality of the public science base and weak public-private collaboration.
R&D intensity improved but the lack of investment impedes R&I capacities take-off. Although R&D intensity improved in 2015, Romania remains one of the lowest performers in EU. The government introduced tax exemptions of the salary income and corporate income tax for taxpayers for R&D activities to stimulate business R&D activities. Key steps have been undertaken to improve governance and reduce fragmentation. The effective development and implementation of smart specialisation strategies require building upon the strengths of clusters of entrepreneurial knowledge and resources, and on the involvement of all actors at both regional and national level.
The government is taking steps to improve the R&I environment. Under 'specific support' within the European Commission's Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility, recommendations began to be drawn up in 2016 to create an environment conducive to the growth of technological start-ups.
|2019||SS Romania - Executive summary in Romanian|
|2019||Specific Support to Romania: Executive Summary of the Final Report in Romanian|
|2018||Specific Support to Romania: Summary Article – Growing Romania’s entrepreneurship scene into a start-up ecosystem|
|2018||Specific Support to Romania: Final Report – Start-ups, Scale-ups and Entrepreneurship in Romania|
|2017||Specific Support to Romania: Background Report - The Romanian Entrepreneurial Ecosystem||Download the full report|
|2019||MLE on National Strategies and Roadmaps for International Cooperation in Research and Innovation: factsheet|
|2019||MLE on National Strategies and Roadmaps for International Cooperation in Research and Innovation: Expert Panel|
|2017||MLE on Alignment and Interoperability: National Coordination - National Preconditions|
|2017||MLE Ex-post evaluation of business R&I grant schemes report||Download the full report|
|2016||MLE on Alignment and Interoperability: Modus Operandi - National Coordination||Download the full report|