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RIO Country Report Poland 2017

The R&I Observatory country report 2017 provides a brief analysis of the R&I system covering the economic context, main actors, funding trends & human resources, policies to address R&I challenges, and R&I in national and regional smart specialisation strategies. Data is from Eurostat, unless otherwise referenced and is correct as at January 2018. Data used from other international sources is also correct to that date. The report provides a state-of-play and analysis of the national level R&I system and its challenges, to support the European Semester.



Challenges for R&I policy-making in Poland and main policy responses

Challenge 1: Increase the intensity of private R&I

  • increased attractiveness of R&D tax incentives
  • public funding agencies offering a large portfolio of support for R&D intensive companies and targeting them with an awareness campaign
  • new VC funds launched (Witelo, NCBR VC, NCBR CVC, STARTER, BIZNEST, KOFFI) with corporate partners

Challenge 2: Strengthen the science and industry cooperation

  • focus of policy makers with the higher education reform, plans for the reform of research institutes and the promotion of industrially oriented career tracks for scientists
  • launch of the industrial doctorate scheme
  • availability of a variety of grants supporting collaboration and commercialisation

Challenge 3: Increase the quality of the public research base:

  • draft of the Higher Education and Science Act and draft of the Łukasiewicz Research Network Act
  • stakeholders consultation and expert peer review (PSF H2020) supporting the preparation of the Act on Higher Education and Science
  • plans to differentiate between research intensive and teaching universities, change modalities for institutional assessment and allocation of institutional R&D funding
  • establishment of Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA) - an agency for inward and onward mobility of researchers

Challenge 4: Strengthen priority setting in the R&I governance system:

  • increased inter-ministerial coordination in some areas, e.g. electromobility
  • announced intention of streamlining / prioritising the list of smart specialisations presented in the Strategy for Responsible Development

Smart specialisation Strategies

All 16 Polish regions have their Smart Specialisation Strategies and participate in the Smart Specialisation Platform and the national Strategy comprises of 17 priorities. The regions vary in their awareness of competitive advantages and institutional capabilities which results in diverse approaches to monitoring and evaluation. Apart from updates to the priorities, it is hard to identify tangible outcomes of the S3 monitoring process, and the coordination system is under preparation. Silesia region implemented a set of monitoring and pilot evaluation activities to support the updates of their regional strategy. Regions don't use 15% of structural funds for external actors. Strong involvement of universities in the set-up of priorities has not been fully used to drive their implementation given the strong focus of ESIF funding on industrial beneficiaries.

Geo coverage
Report year
Official publication date
Friday, 23 March, 2018
National expert name
Krzysztof Klincewicz, Magdalena Marczewska
Last update: 19/11/2019 | Top | Legal notice | Contact | Search