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Netherlands - European Semester

The Europe 2020 Strategy set a 3% objective for R&D intensity for the EU as a whole and most Member States have adopted a national R&D intensity target for 2020. The European Semester, the EU's annual cycle of economic policy coordination, undertakes a detailed analysis of the EU Member States’ plans for R&I investment and structural reforms of national R&I systems, and provides them with recommendations.

The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.

 
 

Research and Innovation Performance

The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
Have a look and see how the country is performing.

Report year
2016
Document type
Report type
R&I performance
Geo coverage
Publication date
10 November 2016

European Semester Country Report

Public and private R&D spending is relatively low in the Netherlands, limiting the growth potential of the economy. Productivity in the Netherlands is generally high, but productivity growth remains below pre-crisis averages. Low investment in R&D and low knowledge diffusion are potential explanations. Although the Netherlands is currently an 'innovation leader', the total R&D intensity of 2.01 % of GDP in 2015 is still significantly below the Europe 2020 target of 2.5 %. Private R&D intensity (1.12 % of GDP) remains low compared to other innovation leaders.

There is scope to transform the Netherlands’ world-class science base into a more innovation-intensive economy, including more investment in knowledge-based capital. Also, labour market institutions have potential negative implications for productivity growth and innovation performance. Framework conditions, such as a high-quality educational system and well-functioning product and labour markets, are vital for productivity growth.

The Netherlands has a strong and highly educated workforce for innovation, but has faced challenges responding to emerging labour market needs. The share of graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields is low, at only 14.7 %, notably because STEM fields attract a low share of women.

Report year
2017
Document type
Report type
European Semester Country Report
Geo coverage
Publication date
22 February 2017

European Semester - Country specific recommendation

No Country specific recommendation for Netherlands on research and innovation in 2016.

Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility (PSF)

Last update: 23/06/2018 | Top | Legal notice | Contact | Search