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RIO Country Report The Netherlands 2017

The R&I Observatory country report 2017 provides a brief analysis of the R&I system covering the economic context, main actors, funding trends & human resources, policies to address R&I challenges, and R&I in national and regional smart specialisation strategies. Data is from Eurostat, unless otherwise referenced and is correct as at January 2018. Data used from other international sources is also correct to that date. The report provides a state-of-play and analysis of the national level R&I system and its challenges, to support the European Semester.



Challenges for R&I policy-making in the Netherlands

Increasing private RDI expenditure and economic restructuring: despite a small increase in private R&D expenditure over the last years, the goal of 2.5% of GDP R&D expenditures (public and private) is still out of reach. A new facility, InvestNL, was introduced with the aim to generate more venture capital for start-ups and scale-ups.

Finding the right level of public expenditure on applied research organisations: the Evaluation Committee Schaaf warned that lower levels of public funding for applied research may harm the strong knowledge position of Dutch RTOs. In the newly presented coalition agreement, substantial investments in both applied and fundamental research are announced. This includes an extra investment in large technological institutes that address market needs.

Maintaining and improving the human capital base for R&I: there is a continuing pressure on the labour market, especially for STEM and ICT related jobs. The Dutch Technology Pact 2020 is implemented to address these needs, but in the short term the challenge remains.

Governance of challenge-oriented R&I: grand societal challenges are becoming increasingly central in R&I policy. This is acknowledged in the top sector policy and new instruments such as City Deals. The challenge lies in coordination between government departments and across the various levels of government (local-regional-national).

Smart Specialisation Strategies: The Netherlands

No new policy developments directly concerning the RIS3 strategies were implemented, although there have been renewals of regional innovation strategies with a link to the RIS3 strategies. In all four regions with a RIS3 strategy, ERDF funding is being allocated in alignment with the RIS3 strategies and all regions are also active on the thematic RIS platforms. Concrete evidence of impact is not yet available although there are signs of impact in different areas.

Geo coverage
Report year
Official publication date
Monday, 26 March, 2018
National expert name
Jos van den Broek; Jasper Deuten
Last update: 25/02/2020 | Top | Legal notice | Contact | Search