Title: Challenges for R&I policy-making in the Netherlands
Increasing private RDI expenditure and economic restructuring: despite a small increase in private R&D expenditure over the last years, the goal of 2.5% of GDP R&D expenditures (public and private) is still out of reach. A new facility, InvestNL, was introduced with the aim to generate more venture capital for start-ups and scale-ups.
Finding the right level of public expenditure on applied research organisations: the Evaluation Committee Schaaf warned that lower levels of public funding for applied research may harm the strong knowledge position of Dutch RTOs. In the newly presented coalition agreement, substantial investments in both applied and fundamental research are announced. This includes an extra investment in large technological institutes that address market needs.
Maintaining and improving the human capital base for R&I: there is a continuing pressure on the labour market, especially for STEM and ICT related jobs. The Dutch Technology Pact 2020 is implemented to address these needs, but in the short term the challenge remains.
Governance of challenge-oriented R&I: grand societal challenges are becoming increasingly central in R&I policy. This is acknowledged in the top sector policy and new instruments such as City Deals. The challenge lies in coordination between government departments and across the various levels of government (local-regional-national).