The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.
The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
Have a look and see how the country is performing.
Overall, the innovation performance of Lithuania remains moderate. European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) 2016 ranks the country 24th in EU. Despite some improvements, Lithuania's innovation performance therefore remains among the lowest in the EU. Lithuania faces numerous challenges to improve its innovation performance.
Lithuania's investment in R&D steadily increased in recent years to reach 1.04 % of GDP in 2015. However, return on public R&D investment is low. The majority of R&D output is produced by public research institutions, with weak capacity to exploit results for economic benefits. Lithuania has pockets of international scientific excellence, but these do not outweigh the disadvantages of the low critical mass for research.
Private sector capacity to invest into research and innovation remains low due to the structure of the economy. The medium-high-tech and high-tech sectors are small and their aggregate share in the economy stagnates. Photonics and bio-pharmaceuticals are the leading Lithuania’s high-tech sectors. The latter has a strong science base with good connections to business and has proven capable of attracting foreign direct investment.
The research and innovation policy planning and implementation continue to suffer from fragmentation and lack of coordination. The policy planning and implementation is split among several ministries and implementing agencies. Recently, however, important policy reform initiatives have been launched and are hoped to provide a significant impetus to country's innovation performance.
|2018||Executive summary of the final report of the PSF Specific Support to Lithuania (in Lithuanian)|
|2017||Specific Support for Lithuania: final report - Fit for the future|
|2017||Specific Support to Lithuania: background report|