Research performance based funding is used by most EU Member States to increase the performance of their public research system. This report analyses the different nature of systems in EU Member States, selected associated and third countries. It aims to inform Member States which are in a process of mutual learning to improve the design of their research funding allocation mechanisms.
The annual RIO Country Report offers an analysis of the R&I system in Italy, including relevant policies and funding, with particular focus on topics critical for EU policies. The report identifies the main challenges of the Italian research and innovation system and assesses the policy response.
The European Semester starts with the Commission's Annual Growth Survey (AGS), which outlines general economic priorities for the EU. In 2015, the focus of the AGS was on boosting investment, accelerating structural reforms and pursuing responsible growth-friendly fiscal consolidation. In line with those priorities, in February the Commission publishes a series of Country Reports presenting an asssessment of economic and social developments and challenges in different areas, including research and innovation.
The new tax credit regulation has been introduced by the Art. 3 of the Decree 145/2013, modified by the budget law 2015 ("Legge di Stabilita' 2015"). The tax credit is awarded to all businesses incurring in incremental R&D expenditures in the period 2015-2019. The tax credit is 25% for "intra-muros" R&D expenditures and 50% for costs related to highly qualified personnel employed in R&D and for costs of collaborative research projects with universities, research organisations or other companies (including start-ups).
The country profiles aim to provide an operational tool for stakeholders and policy-makers to support the framing of research and innovation (R&I) policies and to facilitate the monitoring of performance, on the basis of a holistic economic and indicator‑based analysis.
The annual RIO Country Report analyses and assesses the development and performance of the Italian national research and innovation system and related policies in the perspective of EU strategy and goals.
The report highlights recent national policy and system developments occurring and assesses the match between national policy priorities and the structural challenges of the research and innovation system. It addresses among others:
The Law 112/2013 introduces Open Access as the compulsory modality for research outputs when funded by the public budget for at least 50%. The Law indicates the gold road and the green road as Open Access modalities. The green road defined by Law 112/2013 is based on an embargo period (18-24 months), which is longer than the international recommendations.