The SATTs are private companies (full public capital) whose mission is to focus on the valorisation of public research through innovative strategies towards patents, industrial partnerships, creation of SMEs, and researchers’ mobility.
The agency was created in 1991 within the framework of the governemental policy to better take into account environmental concerns.
Among several other activities, the agency intervenes in the research field. It nominates a scientific council, chooses a scientific director in charge of the definition of research orientations and builds a middle term strategic plan. The agency coordinates operations aimed at promoting environmental protection and energy management.
Bpifrance is a French public investment bank created on December 31st, 2012. It provides support for R&D and innovation projects to businesses, especially SMEs. This national agency has benefited from a €21b endowment in 2013. It is dedicated to promoting and supporting the industrial development and growth in SMEs through innovation and to promoting technology transfer. A network of regional correspondents and private financing partners complements the public bank organisation.
The Carnot Institutes were created in 2006 with the aim to build closer links between public research and private enterprise. In this respect, they take a proactive approach in favour of innovation in companies of all sizes by offering R&D support which takes into consideration the companies’ economic and market constraints.
Each Carnot Institute makes firm commitments to developing its R&D activities to the benefit of innovation in enterprises. There are currently 34 Carnot Institutes.
The Commissariat-General for Investment, created on 22 January 2010, is a service under the authority of the Prime Minister.
The Commissariat-General for Strategy and Foresight, also called France Stratégie, was created on April 22nd, 2013.
The goal of competitiveness clusters is to build on synergies and innovative, collaborative projects in order to give partner firms the chance to become first in their fields, both in France and abroad.
Competitiveness clusters bring together large and small firms, research laboratories and educational establishments, all working together in a specific region to develop synergies and cooperative efforts. Other partners may be brought in, such as public authorities, either local or national, as well as firms providing business services.
Under the authority of the Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Economy, the DGE's mission is to develop the competitiveness and growth of industrial companies and services. This requires the development of new sectors for the support and diffusion of innovation in order to promote sustainable growth and employment.
The High Council for Evaluation of Research and Higher Education (HCERES) was created on July 22nd, 2013. HCERES is in charge of evaluating: higher education institutions, research organisations, scientific cooperation foundations and the National Research Agency; research units at the request of the institution to which they belong; the quality of the education provided and of the degrees delivered by higher education institutions; publicly funded investment programmes and private companies dealing with research and higher education.
The role of the High Council for Research and Technology (Conseil superieur de la recherche et de la technologie – CSRT) is to give its opinion (on behalf of the scientific and technological communities) on research and technological issues. Its role is consultative.