The Europe 2020 Strategy set a 3% objective for R&D intensity for the EU as a whole and most Member States have adopted a national R&D intensity target for 2020. The European Semester, the EU's annual cycle of economic policy coordination, undertakes a detailed analysis of the EU Member States’ plans for R&I investment and structural reforms of national R&I systems, and provides them with recommendations.
The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.
The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
Have a look and see how the country is performing.
R&D intensity in France is lagging behind EU innovation leaders, in particular private R&D which accounts for a large part of the gap with the four main leading countries. As a result, France is not on track to meet its national EU2020 target of 3 % of GDP devoted to R&D. Despite strong government support, innovation capacity is middle-ranking and limited progress has been made over the past years: French innovation performance is still lower than the EU average. Framework conditions, the business environment, the small size of firms and lack of midcaps hinder corporate capacity to finance investments and mobilise the human resources required for innovation.
On 12 July 2016, the European Council adopted 2016 country-specific recommendation for research and innovation.
"[…] Take steps to simplify and improve the efficiency of innovation policy schemes.[…]" (CSR4)