The Annual Growth Survey 2016 highlighted that investing in R&I at national level is critical for growth and that therefore Member States should continue to prioritise public investments in R&I, ensuring their efficiency and leverage with regard to business investment. Member States need to keep up the pace of reforms to ensure an investment-friendly environment. See more information about the European Semester.
The European Semester supports Member States' structural reforms in different policy areas to promote jobs, growth and investment. Research and innovation play a key role in this context. That is why the Commission gives recommendations to and closely work with the Member States to increase the performance of their national R&I systems.
Have a look and see how the country is performing.
Private investment in R&D is in an intermediate position between the EU average and the innovation leaders. In addition, private R&D comes at a high cost to public finances. The discrepancy between the amount of public support, the output in terms of private investment and its intermediate innovation performance raises questions about the efficiency of public support schemes, e.g. of the research and innovation tax credit (CIR). There is an increasing dispersion of public resources supporting innovation and a rising number of publicly-supported structures. This challenges the overall consistency and coordination of policies and weakens the readability of the system for firms and overall coordination. Cooperation and transfers of competences and results between public research and companies is suboptimal, and weighs on the economic output of the innovation system. Many innovative small firms are created in France, but they have difficulties growing and the general business environment may be contributing to this trend.
|2019||MLE on Research Integrity factsheet|
|2018||MLE on Research Integrity: Modus Operandi|
|2018||MLE on Innovation-related Public Procurement: Final Report|
|2018||MLE on Evaluation of Business R&D Grant Schemes: Summary Article – Evaluation of Business R&D Grant Schemes: new challenges, new opportunities|
|2018||MLE on Evaluation of Business R&D Grant Schemes: Final Report - Behavioural Change, Mixed-Method Approaches and Big Data||Download the report|
|2018||MLE on Open Science: Final Report - Altmetrics and Rewards|
|2017||MLE on Alignment and Interoperability: National Coordination - National Preconditions|
|2017||MLE on Administration and Monitoring of R&D tax incentives|
|2016||Modus Operandi of the MLE on Alignment and Interoperability: National Coordination||Download the full report|